The Sustainable Dictionary
5-R - The five Improvement directions
Waste hierarchy / Lansink's ladder
Defined in the EU Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC on waste). Requires that EU Member States dispose of waste according to the waste hierarchy at five levels: prevention, preparation for reuse, recycling, other recovery and disposal.
A material is made on the basis of the residual flows of renewable, natural resources such as potatoes, corn or cane sugar. These are renewable raw materials, which are currently not recycled separately. How does that work? You can read an explanation of Milieucentraal
Of biological origin, grown or kept without the use of chemical pesticides and antibiotics.
The extent to which a substance can be broken down in nature. Bacteria often play an important role in this.
A recurring system where there is no start and end by reusing products and materials.
Source: Het Kennisinstituut Duurzaam Verpakken KIDV
An economic system that is intended to maximize the reusability of products and raw materials and to minimize value destruction. Unlike the current linear system, in which raw materials are converted into products that are destroyed at the end of their life.
A process whereby vegetable residues and food residues are broken down into fertile soil (humus) in the presence of oxygen for reuse in parks and gardens.
(C2C or cradle-to-cradle) is a design philosophy based on the principle that waste equals food. Every raw material and every material must be able to be fully reused without losing its value.
Long lasting, good for people and nature. Use an area in such a way that natural resources do not run out. So for example not only felling trees, but also planting them again.
Environmentally friendly with regard to the economy.
Clothing made with care for people and the environment, fair wages and sustainable production.
Trade whereby producers in third world countries are paid a price that is considered fair. Stricter environmental requirements are imposed on fair trade products.
Term for companies that claim sustainability, but do not take actual action.
Products made from renewable raw materials are made from vegetable material that can grow again in nature, such as sugar cane or corn.
Water-resistant paper that is compostable. Is collected in the old paper. Koen Pack has developed a number of sleeves with this material, especially for plants.
But much more for flowers.
Mark as proof of inspection and / or indication of a certain quality.
This logo is printed on packaging that must be thrown in the garbage can. It only composts after 12 weeks in a special composting machine. In practice, organic waste is only in such a machine for 1 to 2 weeks and pieces of plastic are left behind in the compost. See also OK Compost
Kraft paper is a very strong type of paper made from wood chips from coniferous wood. The wood chips mainly come from tree species such as spruce and pine, because they have a long fiber. This long fiber ensures the strength and high quality of the paper. During the processing of wood fiber into paper pulp, the natural binding agent lignin is separated from the cellulose, resulting in a very pure product. The kraft paper used for our products is unbleached and has a natural brown color. The paper is wet-strong and, due to its pure composition, very suitable for recycling and composting. Because the material is made from fast-growing tree species, the product is also very durable.
A system in which raw materials are converted into products that are destroyed at the end of their lifespan.
Tiny plastic balls that are used in beauty products such as toothpaste, day cream and shower gel.
The whole of the atmosphere, soil and water that affect plants, animals and people.
Corporate Social Responsibility, an organization that focuses on sustainability and new business models. More information about MVO Nederland.
Product whose ingredients come from nature, such as tree bark, pine cones or birch bark.
The Belgian quality mark OK Compost is printed on bags, covers and trays made of compostable plastic. The advice is to throw bioplastic with the OK Compost logo in the trash bin. It only composts after 12 weeks in a special composting machine. In practice, organic waste is only in such a machine in the Netherlands for 1 to 2 weeks and pieces of plastic are left behind in the compost. This is not desirable.
Polyethylene Terephthalate, is used for plastic drinking bottles. Because there is deposit on it, the recycling process is well designed for this material.
Polylactic Acid, a bioplastic made from renewable sources such as corn, this is not at the expense of food because the stems and leaves are used for production. It is a compostable raw material when it can remain in a professional composting installation for more than 10 weeks. In the Netherlands the process is shorter, so it is preferable to throw it in the gray bin.
It consists of chemical compounds produced by non-natural chemical processes. The raw material is often hydrocarbon, which comes from petroleum, a fossil fuel. Some examples are PP, PET, PS, LDPE and HDPE. Nowadays there are also plastics made from renewable materials such as PLA.
A lot of plastic floats in the sea, from large pieces on the water to almost invisible pieces of microplastics under water. This is called the plastic soup. There are various organizations active in combating this. If you want to know more about this, take a look at Plastic Soup Foundation.
The Plastic Pact NL has been signed by a crowd of parties from the plastic chain. The ambitions of the Plastic Pact NL certainly do not lie. To give an example: by 2025, all single-use plastic products and packaging must be 100 percent recyclable. The amount of plastic that we use in the Netherlands must have fallen by 20 percent in the same year and 70 percent of one-off plastic products must be recycled in high quality by that time.
To achieve those objectives, a chain approach is required, the Pact states. In other words: important steps can be taken during the design, use and recycling phase. The pact emphasizes the importance of a simplified chain, so that plastic products and packaging can be recycled more efficiently and with higher quality.Source: Duurzaam Bedrijfsleven.
Recycling / recycling / recyclable
Reusing materials. Watch this informative video from the Klokhuis
about how that works in practice.
Waste that cannot be returned separately may be disposed of with the residual waste. In the Netherlands this is the gray click or garbage bag, but to choose which waste belongs to which bin, a handy Waste separation guide
A raw material used for, for example, biodegradable covers and bags.
Waste on the street, on the roadside or in ditches and lakes. It is annoyance number one and is also bad for nature, people and animals.